11. A 14-year-old boy and his parents concerned about bilateral : 1361501.
11. A 14-year-old boy and his parents are concerned about bilateral breast enlargement. The nurse’s discussion of this should be based on which statement?
a. This is usually benign and temporary.
b. This is usually caused by Klinefelter syndrome.
c. Administration of estrogen effectively reduces gynecomastia.
d. Administration of testosterone effectively reduces gynecomastia.
12. An adolescent tells the school nurse that she is pregnant. Her last menstrual period was 4 months ago. She has not received any medical care. She smokes but denies any other substance use. The priority nursing action is to:
a. notify her parents.
b. refer for prenatal care.
c. explain the importance of not smoking.
d. discuss dietary needs for adequate fetal growth.
13. An adolescent girl calls the nurse at the clinic because she had unprotected sex the night before and does not want to be pregnant. The nurse should explain that:
a. it is too late to prevent an unwanted pregnancy.
b. an abortion may be the best option if she is pregnant.
c. Norplant can be administered to prevent pregnancy for up to 5 years.
d. postcoital contraception is available to prevent implantation.
14. A sexually active female adolescent asks the nurse about the contraceptive Depo-Provera. The nurse should explain that it:
a. requires injections every 3 months.
b. requires daily administration of medication by mouth.
c. provides long-term continuous protection, up to 5 years.
d. prevents pregnancy if given within 72 hours of unprotected sex.
15. Which statement is true about gonorrhea?
a. It is caused by Treponema pallidum.
b. Treatment is by multidose administration of penicillin.
c. Treatment is by topical applications to lesions.
d. Treatment of all sexual contacts is an essential part of treatment.
16. Which statement regarding chlamydia infection is correct?
a. Treatment of choice is oral penicillin.
b. Treatment of choice is nystatin or miconazole.
c. Clinical manifestations include dysuria and urethral itching in males.
d. Clinical manifestations include small, painful vesicles on genital areas.
17. A nurse is conducting a class for adolescent girls about pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Why should the nurse emphasize the importance of preventing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?
a. PID can be sexually transmitted.
b. PID cannot be treated.
c. PID can have devastating effects on the reproductive tract.
d. PID can cause serious defects in future children of affected adolescents.
18. Which statement is correct about childhood obesity?
a. Heredity is an important factor in the development of obesity.
b. Childhood obesity in the United States is decreasing.
c. Childhood obesity is the result of inactivity.
d. Childhood obesity can be attributed to an underlying disease in most cases.
19. The psychological effects of being obese during adolescence include:
a. sexual promiscuity.
b. poor body image.
c. feelings of contempt for thin peers.
d. accurate body image but self-deprecating attitude.
20. Anorexia nervosa may best be described as:
a. occurring most frequently in adolescent males.
b. occurring most frequently in adolescents from lower socioeconomic groups.
c. resulting from a posterior pituitary disorder.
d. resulting in severe weight loss in the absence of obvious physical causes.
11. A 14-year-old boy and his parents concerned about bilateral : 1361501