131. Muscle strength peaks in a(n) A. child. B. adolescent. : 1380688.
131. Muscle strength peaks in a(n)
C. young adult.
D. middle aged adult.
E. elderly adult.
132. Which of the following is NOT a change associated with aging?
A. loss of neurons
B. loss of skeletal and cardiac muscle tissue
C. decreased cross-linking of collagen
D. decreased ability of the lens in the eye to accommodate
133. A clot or plaque which forms on the inside of blood vessel walls is called a(an)
134. Increased lipid deposits in the tunica intima of large arteries is called
C. a thrombus.
D. an embolus.
E. hardening of the arteries.
135. Decreased renal filtration that occurs with aging can be the result of
A. increased respiratory effort.
B. decreased cardiac output.
C. increased fluid volume.
D. decreased ADH secretion.
E. decreased peripheral resistance.
136. Premature aging is called
D. Alzheimer’s disease.
137. Which of the following vitamins are thought to play a role in decreasing the physiological changes in aging?
A. vitamins A and B12
B. vitamins A and B6
C. vitamins E and C
D. vitamins A and D
E. vitamins A and K
138. Many gerontologists refer to walking as one of the most important anti-aging activities to prolong life. This is because a daily 30-minute walk
A. increases blood pressure.
B. improves circulation.
C. promotes anaerobic metabolism.
D. increases urine output.
E. increases peripheral resistance.
139. Autoimmune diseases such as arthritis become more common as people get older. “Autoimmune” means that the immune system
A. no longer produces antibodies.
B. destroys the body’s own tissues.
C. is incapable of initiating phagocytosis.
D. produces T cells but no B cells.
E. protects itself.
140. One reason for the increased incidence of cancer with aging is a decrease in
A. urine output.
B. cardiac output.
C. red blood cells.
D. functioning of T lymphocytes.
E. functioning neutrophils.