21. The cells that activate the phagocytes the
a. T cells.
b. : 1361691.
21. The cells that activate the phagocytes are the
a. T cells.
b. B cells.
22. Mucositis is an inflammation of the
a. stomach mucosa.
b. intestinal mucosa.
c. oral mucosa.
23. Symptoms that may occur during the asymptomatic HIV infection stage include
a. persistent fatigue, night sweats, thrush, and diarrhea.
b. a short bout of flulike syndrome.
c. pneumonia, lymphoma, Kaposi’s sarcoma, and tuberculosis.
d. hyperglycemia, heart arrhythmias, and loss of appetite.
24. Category 2 CD4 T-Lymphocyte values are defined as
a. less than 200 cells/µL.
b. more than 200 cells/µL.
c. 200 to 499 cells/µL.
d. 800 to 1000 cells/µL.
25. Protease inhibitors work by
a. inhibiting the enzyme protease.
b. preventing reverse transcriptase.
c. binding to HIV.
d. enhancing the enzyme lipase.
26. Nutrition support is a vital care component throughout the progression of HIV infection because of its role in
a. controlling involuntary weight loss and tissue wasting.
b. maintaining cardiac function.
c. preventing the spread of the HIV virus.
d. preventing anemia and constipation.
27. A fundamental effect of HIV infection is
c. major weight loss.
28. An HIV-positive patient should be referred to the clinical dietitian on the AIDS team
a. at the first contact with a health professional.
b. at stage 2 (AIDS-related complex).
c. at stage 3 (final stage of AIDS).
d. when the patient has nutrition-related problems.
29. The nutrition care plan for AIDS patients is
a. the same as for all patients.
b. consistent throughout the course of the disease.
c. based only on clinical observations and anthropometry.
d. individualized and continually adjusted throughout the course of the disease.
30. Guidelines for counseling a person with HIV infection include
a. recommending intake of specific combinations of food.
b. expecting significant changes in lifestyle behaviors.
c. promoting optimal nutrition while making the fewest food changes.
d. acting as a catalyst for selecting appropriate lifestyle changes.