21.The mandatory Canadian fortification of which one of the following : 1401724.
21.The mandatory Canadian fortification of which one of the following foods has helped dramatically to reduce the incidence for neural tube defects?
22.An infant born with incomplete closure of the spinal cord has which of the following disorders?
d.neural tube seizure
23.The most common forms of neural tube defects are spina bifida and which of the following?
24.Which of these organs is most affected in anencephaly?
25.As a nutrition consultant, you advise patients to en sure they consume about 400 µg of folate daily. One patient is aware that folate helps prevent birth defects but she isn’t sure why she should take it if she is not pregnant. Which of the following is the most appropriate reply?
a.Folate supplementation prevents pernicious anemia, which increases the risk of spina bifida.
b.Folate supplementation is needed to ensure a large store that can be utilized by the growing fetus.
c.As long as supplementation begins the day pregnancy is confirmed, there is no risk of defects.
d.The neural tube develops early on in pregnancy, oftentimes before the woman realizes she is pregnant.
26.Which of the following nutrients taken as a prenatal supplement has been found to be associated with a lower incidence of neural tube defects?
27.Studies report that folate supplements for women may lower the incidence of neural tube defects of infants when the vitamin is taken during which of these stages of pregnancy?
a.final 3 months of gestation
b.middle 3 months of gestation
c.first three months of gestation
d.month before conception through the first 3 months of pregnancy
28.What is the percentage increase in the folate RDA during pregnancy?
29.What percentage of pregnancies in Canada are unplanned?
30.As a means to reduce the risk of neural tube defects in newborn infants, grain products are fortified with which one of these nutrients?