21. The mechanism of thirst and fluid intake stimulated by A. : 1400763

21. The mechanism of thirst and fluid intake stimulated by
A. : 1400763.

 

21. The mechanism of thirst and fluid intake is stimulated by

A. a decrease in blood pressure.

B. an increase in osmolality.

C. a decrease in blood volume.

D. all of the above

22. On average, a well-balanced 2,200-kilocalorie diet is expected to provide ________ of water.

A. 8 cups

B. 10 cups

C. 12 cups

D. 16 cups

23. What is the mechanism of action of the diuretic effect of water and alcohol?

A. They stimulate ADH.

B. They inhibit ADH.

C. They stimulate renin.

D. They inhibit renin.

24. Consumption of pharmaceutical diuretics increases the risk of

A. increased sodium reabsorption.

B. increased calcium reabsorption.

C. loss of potassium.

D. loss of magnesium.

25. What is most likely to happen as result of loss of water from the ECF?

A. Water from the ICF will move into the ECF.

B. Sodium concentrations will increase in the ECF.

C. Potassium concentrations will increase in the ICF.

D. None of the above will happen.

26. What effect do diuretics have on the body?

A. They contribute to water gain.

B. They contribute to water loss.

C. They help produce more metabolic water.

D. They stimulate the brain.

27. Which of the following are characteristics of tap water in the United States?

A. It is clean.

B. It is safe.

C. It is cheap.

D. all of the above

28. All of the following can be symptoms of dehydration except

A. lethargy.

B. diarrhea.

C. dry mouth.

D. rapid breathing.

29. Which of the following statements is true about electrolytes?

A. They carry a positive electrical charge only.

B. They carry a negative electrical charge only.

C. They may carry a positive or negative charge.

D. They carry no electrical charge at all.

30. Which of the following is an enzyme that plays a role in the excretion of water based on blood volume?

A. ADH

B. renin

C. angiotensin

D. aldosterone

 

 

21. The mechanism of thirst and fluid intake stimulated by
A. : 1400763

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