31.During fetal development, which of the following nutritional concerns may : 1401725.
31.During fetal development, which of the following nutritional concerns may increase the risk for a chronic condition later in adult life?
a.Malnutrition during pregnancy leads to macrosomia and GI disturbances in the offspring.
b.Insufficient nutrient intake during pregnancy promotes hypertrophy of the kidneys and hypotension in adulthood.
c.Nutrition during pregnancy is the chief determinant of pancreatic beta cell growth and the risk for type 2 diabetes of the offspring.
d.Malnutrition during pregnancy programs the fetus to modify the genetic composition of the placenta and thereby alter nutrient delivery through the umbilical cord.
32.The process by which maternal nutrient intake affects the child’s development of diseases later in life is known by which of the following terms?
d.postpartum degenerative expression
33.Which of these parameters is the most reliable indicator of an infant’s future health status?
a.infant’s birth weight
b.mother’s weight before pregnancy
c.mother’s weight gain during pregnancy
d.mother’s nutrition status prior to pregnancy
34.Which of the following describes macrosomia?
a.a neural tube defect
b.a high-birth weight infant
c.excessive weight gain of the mother
d.abnormal cravings for carbohydrate during pregnancy
35.Which of the following conditions increases the risk of macrosomia?
d.gestational oxygen deprivation
36.Which of the following terms describes an infant born during the 36th week of pregnancy?
37.Which of the following describes an infant born during the 43rd week of pregnancy?
38.What is the recommended range of weight gain during pregnancy for a normal-weight woman?
39.What is the recommended range of weight gain during pregnancy for an underweight woman?
40.In obese pregnant women, the risk for neural tube defects in the infant is believed to result from which of these behaviours?
b.poor glycemic control
c.insufficient folate intake
d.dieting during pregnancy