31.What the staple grain of Canada, the United States, and : 1401550.
31.What is the staple grain of Canada, the United States, and Europe?
32.What is the predominant grain product in much of South and Central America?
33.To which of the following groups do cellulose, pectin, hemicellulose, and lignin belong?
34.Which of the following is described as a non-starch polysaccharide?
b.tannin in tea
35.Which of the following is an example of the difference between the chemical bonds in starch and those in cellulose?
a.Starch bonds are single.
b.Starch bonds are fatty acids.
c.Cellulose bonds release energy.
d.Cellulose bonds are not hydrolyzed by human enzymes.
36.Which of the following fibres would be used to thicken jelly?
37.Which of the following characteristics differentiate starches from fibres?
a.They are polysaccharides.
b.They occur naturally in plants.
c.They provide 4 kcal/gram dietary energy
d.They are made of glucose units.
38.How is a “functional fibre” differentiated from other dietary fibre?
a.It occurs naturally in the intact plant.
b.It performs a specific function in the plant.
c.It is extracted from plants and has a beneficial health effect.
d.It is a polysaccharide that is stored primarily in muscle and liver of animals
39.Which effect best distinguishes the dietary fibre, of wheat bran from the dietary fibre of pectin?
a.It alleviates constipation.
b.It lowers blood cholesterol levels.
c.It lowers blood glucose levels.
d.It is easily fermented by intestinal bacteria to provide energy for cells of the colon.
40.Which of the following is similar between water-soluble and water-insoluble fibres?
a.Both are found in animal-derived foods as well as plant foods.
b.Both consist primarily of non-starch polysaccharides.
c.Both lower glucose absorption from the GI tract.
d.Both promote regular bowel movements.