56.Your text provides several guidelines for beginning the school year. : 1200587.
56.Your text provides several guidelines for beginning the school year. One suggestion is to assess learners’ skills and background knowledge early in the year. To which guideline is this strategy most related?
a.Plan structured instruction
c.Teach rules and procedures
d.Begin communication with parents
57.Based on the description of guidelines for beginning the school year, which of the following is the least-effective suggestion?
a.To establish expectations, explain requirements and grading systems.
b.Teach rules and procedures, and monitor them carefully.
c.Intervene and discuss each infraction of rules.
d.Use small-group instruction to promote student involvement.
58.Gary Melandez starts the very beginning of the year by presenting and teaching his rules. One of his rules says, “Bring all needed materials to class each day.” He presents and discusses the rule, provides examples, and then asks students to describe some of the materials they should bring. He then demonstrates getting ready for school by speaking aloud and gathering the materials he needs. Of the following, the best prediction of the grade level Gary teaches is:
59.Michael Abraham begins his year by outlining his expectations and then hands out a relatively short list of rules and procedures that he wants to follow throughout the year. He carefully explains why each rule and procedure exists and asks students in each case if they believe the rule is fair and sensible. In a few cases, the students disagree with a portion of a rule, but Michael again explains why the rule is necessary and how it can contribute to the students’ learning. Finally, the students agree that the list is fair and acceptable. Of the following, the best prediction of the grade level Michael teaches is:
60.Based on the guidelines for the preparation of effective rules, which of the following is best stated?
a.Do not speak unless you are called on by the teacher.
b.Always come to class prepared.
c.Avoid embarrassing your classmates.
d.Leave your desk only when given permission.
61.Consider the classroom rule, “Always come to class prepared.” Which of the following is the best assessment of the rule?
a.It is effective as written.
b.It would be more effective if it was longer.
c.It would be more effective if it was stated more clearly.
d.It would be more effective if it avoided words such as “always.”
62.Consider the school rule: “Always walk when moving in the hallways.” Which of the following is the best assessment of the rule?
a.It is effective as written.
b.It is ineffective because it is too short.
c.It is ineffective because it isn’t clear.
d.It is ineffective because it doesn’t specify the desired behavior.
Use the following information for items 63-65.
Ditan Otero wants his students to bring finished seat-work assignments to the front of the room and put them in folders with their names on them. He demonstrates what he wants them to do by sitting in a student desk, writing on a paper, getting up and taking the paper to the front and putting it in a folder with his name on it. He asks students to describe what he has done, and he reminds them that they are to do the same thing with their work.
Then, Ditan goes back to the desk, writes on a second piece of paper and puts it in a book on the desk. Again, he asks the students to describe what he has done, and asks them if it was acceptable and why it was or was not. The students explain that it was not, because he was supposed to take the paper to the front of the room and put it in his folder. “Excellent, everyone,” he comments at the end of the discussion. “You know exactly what we’re doing.”
63.Which of the following best describes Ditan’s actions when he wrote on the paper, took it to the front of the room, and put it in the folder?
a.He was modeling a classroom procedure.
b.He was modeling a classroom rule.
c.He was modeling a form of withitness.
d.He was modeling an adaptation to the physical environment.
64.Which of the following best describes the approach Ditan took to helping his students learn to put their completed worksheets away efficiently?
a.He used a cognitive approach, because he provided students with examples they could use to construct understanding.
b.He used a behaviorist approach, because his behaviors (writing and putting the paper in his folder) were observable.
c.He used a humanistic approach, because he was attempting to create a safe and positive classroom environment.
d.He used a behaviorist approach, because he praised the students for understanding “what we’re doing.”
65.Which of the following best describes the type of learning that Ditan was attempting in his learning activity?
a.The students were involved in learning declarative knowledge.
b.The students were involved in concept learning.
c.The students were involved in strategic learning.
d.The students were involved in perceptual learning.