61.Of the following, which concept being illustrated when we ignore : 1200701

61.Of the following, which concept being illustrated when we ignore : 1200701.

 

61.Of the following, which concept is being illustrated when we ignore a behavior and it eventually disappears?

a.Punishment

b.Reinforcement

c.Shaping

d.Extinction

 

62.The elimination of a response as a result of nonreinforcement is called:

a.satiation.

b.extinction.

c.discrimination.

d.punishment.

 

63.The first week of class Marty talks a lot.  Mr. Adams, his fifth-grade teacher, decides to pretend Marty isn’t talking and doesn’t react at all.  By the winter holiday break, Marty has stopped talking in class.  Which of the following has been illustrated?

a.Reinforcement

b.Punishment

c.Generalization

d.Extinction

 

64.Ben is the class clown.  Mr. French, the biology teacher, decides to pretend Ben isn’t even there.  Over time Ben stops acting like a clown in class.  Which component of operant conditioning is illustrated?

a.Positive reinforcement

b.Presentation punishment

c.Type two punishment

d.Extinction

 

65.Karen, a fifth grader, waves her hand energetically, eager to answer Mr. Healy’s question.  She continues her efforts, but Mr. Healy calls on another student each time.  This process continues for the next two days with the same results.  The third day Karen sits quietly, not raising her hand.  Focusing on Karen’s behavior, the case study best illustrates:

a.the negative reinforcement of a behavior.

b.nonreinforcement resulting in extinction of a behavior.

c.the elimination of a behavior through classical conditioning.

d.the elimination of a behavior through removal punishment.

 

66.Sara, a seventh grader, is eager to respond to questions in class, and regularly raises her hand to respond.  However, in spite of her efforts, Mr. Edwards calls on one of her classmates each time.  This process continues for the next two days with the same results.  The third day Sara sits quietly, not raising her hand.  Focusing on Sara’s behavior, the case study best illustrates:

a.the negative reinforcement of a behavior.

b.nonreinforcement resulting in extinction of a behavior.

c.the elimination of a behavior through classical conditioning.

d.the elimination of a behavior through removal punishment.

 

67.A reinforcer occurring so often that it loses its ability to strengthen behaviors results in:

a.extinction.

b.discrimination.

c.conditioning.

d.satiation.

 

68.One fifth-grade child, Suzy, loves to chew gum in class, which is against the rules.  Now each morning when Suzy comes in, Mr. Myers offers her some gum and says pleasantly, “I want you to chew this the whole period.”  Mr. Myers’s strategy would be best described as an attempt to apply which of the following?

a.Shaping

b.Generalization

c.Satiation

d.Discrimination

 

69.Kevin is a “full of life” seventh grader who seems to rejoice in bugging Mrs. Wilson.  One of his habits is to “basketball” a crumpled piece of notebook paper into the wastebasket.  When he misses, he then gets up regardless of the learning activity, retrieves his paper and puts it in the basket. Exasperated, Mrs. Wilson keeps him for a half hour after school during which they “play basketball.”

“Let’s see how long it takes you to get 30 into the basket,” she announces evenly when they are alone together.  “Go ahead and start.”

Kevin then throws crumpled paper from his desk until he had gotten 30 into the basket.  Each time he missed one, Mrs. Wilson has him get up from his desk, retrieve the paper, deposit it, and then go back to his desk to try it again.  Of the following, the concept that best illustrates the technique Mrs. Wilson was attempting to implement is:

a.discrimination.

b.classical conditioning.

c.extinction.

d.satiation.

 

70.The major difference between negative reinforcement and punishment is:

a.negative reinforcement decreases behavior a person intended to increase, whereas punishment intentionally decreases behavior.

b.punishment is a behavioral decrease, whereas negative reinforcement is a behavioral increase.

c.negative reinforcement is something emotional, whereas punishment is something physical, such as picking up trash or sweeping floors.

d.negative reinforcement is used to shape behavior, but punishment is rarely used for shaping.

 

 

 

61.Of the following, which concept being illustrated when we ignore : 1200701

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