71.What the basis for the RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowances)?
a.to exceed : 1401516.
71.What is the basis for the RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowances)?
a.to exceed the needs of most people by more than 2x in order to protect against inadequacy
b.to exceed the amount needed to prevent deficiency and support optimal health for the average member of the population group
c.to meet the needs for optimal health of almost all healthy people
d.to prevent deficiency diseases in half the population
72.Which statement best describes the aim in setting the RDA for almost all vitamin and mineral intakes?
a.They are set low, to reduce the risk of toxicity.
b.They are set high, to cover virtually all healthy individuals.
c.They are set very high, to cover every single person.
d.They are set at the mean requirement, to cover most healthy individuals.
73.How does an Adequate Intake (AI) differ from a Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)?
a.It exceeds the average requirements, where an RDA does not.
b.It is more tentative than RDA values.
c.It covers the requirement of 100% of the population, where the RDA covers 95%.
d.It serves as nutrient intake goal for populations and RDA for individuals.
74.Recommended Dietary Allowances can be directly used for which of the following purposes?
a.to measure nutritional status of population groups
b.to assess dietary nutrient adequacy for individuals
c.to plan the diet of a malnourished individual
d.to calculate exact food requirements for most individuals
75.A friend tells you that the dietary reference intakes do NOT apply to her. Which of the following would be an appropriate explanation for this exception?
a.She has a chronic illness.
b.She consumes vitamin and mineral supplements.
c.She eats a traditional Chinese diet.
d.She knows that his recommendations are not necessarily optimal intakes for everybody.
76.The Dietary Reference Intakes may be used for which of the following purposes?
a.to treat people with diet-related disorders
b.to diagnose malnutrition
c.to plan and evaluate diets for healthy people
d.to determine the need for vitamin and mineral fortification of the diet
77.Which of the following is a feature of the RDA but NOT likely a feature of the AI?
a.It is accepted as a DRI.
b.It serves as nutrient intake goals for individuals
c.It covers 98 percent of the population’s nutrient needs
d.It exceeds average requirements.
78.Which of the following is a purpose of both the Recommended Dietary Allowance and Adequate Intake?
a.setting nutrient goals for individuals
b.identifying toxic intakes of nutrients
c.restoring health of malnourished individuals
d.identifying average requirements to not only prevent deficiency, but support optimal health
79.Bob consumes about 2500 kcalories per day, as 150 g of fat, 140 g of carbohydrate, and 150 g of protein. Which of the following revision would be appropriate to help Bob’s intake fit within the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges?
a.10 g fat, 20 g protein, 45 g carbohydrate
b.70 g fat, 156 g protein, 313 g carbohydrate
c.140 g fat, 150 g protein, 150 g carbohydrate
d.500 g fat, 750 g protein, 1250 g carbohydrate
80.Which of the following statements best defines the Tolerable Upper Intake Level of a nutrient?
a.It is the maximum amount allowed for fortifying a food.
b.It is a a level 2 times the RDA or 3 times the AI.
c.It is the maximum allowable amount available in supplement form.
d.It is the maximum amount from all sources that appears safe for most healthy people.