76) A portion of a gene has the following DNA : 1380824.
76) A portion of a gene has the following DNA sequence: GAAGGAGTAGCA, which when translated gives the amino acid sequence leucine-proline-histidine-arginine. Assume a mutation causes a C to be inserted into the sequence in between the second A and the second G. Predict how this would affect the protein produced when it is translated.
77) What is the relationship between DNA, chromosomes, genes, RNA, proteins, transcription, and translation?
78) Arabidopsis thaliana is a small plant commonly known as the thale cress or mouse-ear cress and has approximately 25,000 genes. The human genome also contains approximately 25,000 genes, yet a human is clearly more complex than this plant. Both species have introns in their genes. Formulate a hypothesis to explain why a human is more complex than Arabidopsis even though the human and the plant have a similar number of genes.