21.A variation of standard English that distinct in vocabulary, : 1200667.
21.A variation of standard English that is distinct in vocabulary, grammar, or pronunciation refers to:
22.Of the following, the best definition of a dialect is:
a.a variation in English usage that lacks both the structure and complexity of standard English.
b.a variation in English usage that lacks the structure but not the complexity of standard English.
c.a variation in English usage that is an immature form of standard English.
d.a variation in English usage that is distinct in vocabulary, grammar, or punctuation.
23.According to research, which of the following is the best practice for dealing with children who use nonstandard English dialects in your classroom?
a.Accept the children’s use of dialects without correcting them to prevent feelings of rejection.
b.Accept the children’s use of dialects until you think they are comfortable in the class, and from that point on, correct them when their English is nonstandard.
c.Accept the children’s use of dialects, and then offer alternatives that are standard English usage.
d.Require correct use of standard English as part of your classroom routines, and reinforce students when they use standard English.
24.Bidialecticism is best defined as:
a.the ability to switch back and forth between two forms of a language.
b.the ability to understand two forms of a language.
c.the ability to recognize two forms of a language.
d.the ability to talk in one form of a language but write in another.
25.Of the following, which is the best description of English Language Learners (ELLs)?
a.Students who are skilled in speaking, reading, and writing English
b.Children who are bilingual
c.Students who understand basic grammar, punctuation, and spelling in English
d.Students whose first or home language is not English
26.The number of students attending American P-12 schools, whose first language is not English, is rapidly increasing. Projections estimate that by the year 2015 the numbers will be:
a.more than 10 percent of the school population.
b.more than a quarter of the school population.
c.more than half of the school population.
d.more than three fourths of the school population.
27.Three of the following programs are types of ELL programs. The one that is not an ELL program is a(n):
b.assimilation ELL program.
c.maintenance ELL program.
d.ESL pullout program.
28.One type of ELL program is called immersion. When using immersion:
a.teachers instruct learners only in their native tongue.
b.teachers instruct learners only in English.
c.teachers instruct learners in both languages.
d.teachers instruct learners in their native tongue and then transition to English.
29.David Nalbandian, a third grader, has recently come to the United States from Armenia. He is quickly learning English on his own, since all of his instruction is in English and his school provides him with no extra support with learning English. The ELL program he is in is best described as:
a.an immersion program.
b.a transitional ELL program.
c.a sheltered English program.
d.a maintenance ELL program.
30.Which of the following is the most accurate description of maintenance bilingual programs?
a.It builds on language skills that children already bring with them to class through their native language.
b.It can be used effectively when several different languages are spoken in a classroom or school.
c.It maximizes language development, although studies show initial losses in math and reading due to the catch-up time involved in learning English.
d.It will be needed less and less in the future as the influx of non-English-speaking students decreases.